Opportunities and challenges in conducting community-engaged dissemination/implementation research

Dissemination and implementation (D&I) research has emerged in recent years in response to the recognition that the pathway from research to practice is complex, lengthy, and rarely completed. As studies have suggested that only a fraction of scientific findings have an impact on health and health care, D&I research centers on the processes to get those findings, often evidence-based interventions, integrated within the variety of clinical and community systems where health care is delivered. Evidence-based interventions can range in focus from diagnostics, prevention, treatment, and maintenance of health, and can target individuals or populations.